Usually this is a type of fungus of the nail which can be very easily treated with topical ointments, and in severe cases oral medications which are monitored by the podiatrist. Even if you don't think your toenails are bad enough, it is still worth it to come in to see a podiatrist and get educated about proper foot care, and possibly alleviate the yellowing. You'll have to take your socks and shoes off, and ointment could be applied so wear socks. Any toenail polish applied to a fungal nail will actually increase the growth of the fungus, and will be removed and discouraged until the fungus disappears. Relatively minor conditions are generally treated by the podiatric consultation, which incorporates disorders like calluses and corns. These conditions feature the thick, hard skin - that might even be flaky and dry. The podiatrist will get rid of the extreme tissue particularly if determined ulceration or a corporation of infection is detected. Podiatrists provide patients with education and awareness so for that injury to the tissue is avoided. He then proceeded to show me toe exercises I should do to prevent getting a Hammer Toe. I asked him why his toe had to be removed and he said because he didn't know about the exercises. The type of toe surgery depends upon the severity of the problem (flexible or rigid) as well as the foot structure of the patient. For mild and flexible hammertoe, tendon release surgery is conducted to correct the bent toe. In this method, the tendons of the top and bottom which hold the joints are cut first, and the affected joint is straightened out to restore the normal joint shape. it is controversial as to whether the FDL tendon should be exposed, split in half, and transferred around either side of the phalangeal neck; Initially, a hammer toe is flexible and can be treated and corrected with simple measures, but if it is left untreated, the toe becomes fixed and will require surgery to correct. Corns or calluses form on the top of the middle joint or on the tip of the impaired toe and causes pain when the calluses rub against the shoe. Women have more of these toe problems than men because of the type of shoes they wear, like high heels. Invest in special padding or cushions for your shoes to reduce pressure over the foot. Your doctor may recommend that you use special shoe inserts or buy orthopedic shoes. Hammer toes form sometimes due a structural abnormality in the feet, but more often they are caused by improper footwear. For example, women who wear high heels very frequently diagnosed with this problem. Extra pressure is applied to the toes causing them to deform and distort. There are different toe straightening devices which can be used to cure the condition and a change of footwear may be all that is required to see the deformity correct itself. Any new exercise routine that requires use of feet may cause sudden foot cramps in the mornings. Running, jogging and cycling could give the feet mild to severe cramping in the morning. Plantar fasciitis and heel spurs - The Achilles tendon becomes shorter and pulls up on the heel of a person with flat feet, causing the arch to flatten and the foot to become longer. Thus, the plantar fascia (tight band of muscle under the foot arch) becomes abnormally stretched, which can lead to pain in the heel bone (plantar fasciitis) and heel spurs. Low back pain - This usually occurs due to strain on the sciatic nerve. This nerve links the lower back to the foot via the leg. The strain is typically caused by repeated shock from running and over-pronation.